Rizal's First Trip Abroad:
3 May 1882
Rizal left Philippines for the first time Spain. He boarded the Salvadora using a passport of Jose Mercado, which was procured for him by his uncle Antonio Rivera, father of Leonor Rivera. He was accompanied to the quay where the Salvadora was moored by his uncle Antonio, Vicente Gella, and Mateo Evangelista.
9 May 1882
Rizal arrived at Singapore.
10 May 1882
He went around the town of Singapore and maid some observations.
11 May 1882
In Singapore, at 2 p.m., Rizal boarded the boat Djemnah to continue his trip to Spain. He found the boat clean and well kept.
17 May 1882
Rizal arrived at Punta de Gales.
18 May 1882
At 7:30 a.m., he left Punta de Gales for Colombo. In the afternoon, Rizal arrived at Colombo and in the evening the trip was resumed.
26 May 1882
Rizal was nearing the African coast
27 May 1882
He landed at Aden at about 8:30 a.m. He made observation at the time.
2 June 1882
He arrived at the Suez Canal en route to Marseilles.
3 June 1882
He was quarantined on board the Djemnah in the Suez Canal.
6 June 1882
It was the fourth day at Suez Canal and was still quarantined on board of the boat.
7 June 1882
Rizal arrived at Port Said. In a letter to his parents, He described his trip en route to Aden along the Suez Canal.
11 June 1882
Rizal disembarked and, accompanied by a guide, went around the City of Naples for one hour. This was the first European ground he set foot on.
12 June 1882
At ten o’clock in the evening, the boat anchored at Marseilles. He sleptn board.
13 June 1882
Early on the morning he landed at Marseilles and boarded at the Noalles Hotel. Later he around for observation.
14 June 1882
His second in Marseilles.
15 June 1882
He left Marseilles for Barcelona in an express train.
16 June 1882
At 12:00 noon, Rizal arrived at Barcelona and boarded in the Fonda De España.
20 August 1882
His article "Amor Patrio" was published in the Diarong Tagalog, a Manila newspaper edited by Basilio Teodoro. This was the First article he wrote abroad.
Rizal in Madrid:
Spain 2 September 1882
Rizal matriculated at the Universidad Central de Madrid. He took the following subjects: medical clinic, surgical clinic, legal medicine and obstetrical clinic.
2 October 1882
He attended his regular classes which stared in all earnest.
4 October 1882
Asked to deliver a poem by the members of Circulo Hispano-Filipino, there together in the effort to save the association from disintegration, Rizal recited "Me piden versus." The meeting was held at the house of Pablo Ortiga y Rey.
7 October 1882
He attended again of the Circulo Hisfano-Filipino held in house of Mr. Ortiga.
2 November 1882
He wrote the article "Revista de Madrid" which was in intended for publication in the Diarong Tagalog in Manila, but was not published because the newspaper stops its circulation.
7 November 1882
Rizal wrote an article entitled "Las Dudas". The article was signed Laong - Laan.
30 December 1882
In a letter, Rizal revealed to Paciano his plan of going to Paris or Rome in June. He wanted to practice French in Paris and Italian in Rome and to observe the customs of people in those cities.
- In the evening, Rizal dreamed he was an actor dying in the scene, feeling intensely the shortage of his breath, the weakening of his strength, and darkening of his sight. He woke up tired and breathless.
1 January 1883
Rizal felt sad in the morning. He recollected the terrible dream he had the previous night.
15 January 1883
He attended the birthday of Pablo Ortiga with some of the Filipinos.
16 January 1883
He attended the masquerade ball in Alhambra with some of his countrymen.
13 February 1883
In a letter Rizal appraised his brother Paciano of his activities in Madrid, his impressions of the city and his meeting with his friends in gathering. In part he said: "The Tuesday of the Carnival we had a Filipino luncheon and dinner in the house of the Pateros, each one contributing one duro. We ate with our hands, boiled rice, chicken adobo, fried fish and roast pig.
2 May 1882
Rizal recollected his past impressions when he left his hometown Calamba. This day he attended a fiesta in Madrid.
26 May 1883
In a letter, Rizal was informed by Paciano of the 1,350 loaves of milled sugar produced from the Pansol farm and at the same time granting him to proceed to Paris as soon as he finished the medical course in Madrid.
15 June 1883
Rizal left Madrid for Paris to spend his summer and to observe the big French City.
Rizal in Paris, France:
17 June 1883
Rizal arrived at Paris. He spent the whole day walking around and observing the beautiful cities.
18 June 1883
With Felipe Zamora and Cunanan, He visited the Leannec Hospital to observe how Dr, Nicaise treated his patients. He was stunned to see the advanced facilities in the accommodation in the said hospital.
19 June 1883
He again visited Dr. Nicaise who showed the technique of operation. Later he went to see dupytren Museum.
20 June 1883
Rizal visited the Lariboisiere Hospital where Felix Pardo de Tavera was an extern. Here he observe the examination of the different diseases of women.
21 June 1883
After watching the done by Dr. Duply, he went to the Jardin d’ Acclimatation situated outside the Paris in the Forest of Bologna. He found there plants of all species and the rarest and most beautiful birds.
5 July 1883
In a letter to his parents, sisters and brother, Rizal continued describing the museum, buildings and hospitals he had visited in Paris.
2 August 1883
In a letter to his parents, he continued describing his visits to museum and his excursions to important place in Paris.
Rizal Back in Madrid:
20 August 1883
Rizal was back in Madrid from his summer vacation in Paris.
6 September 1883
He changed his residence from Barquillo St. N0. 34, 4 to San Miguel no. 7, 1 Centro.
28 September 1883
He enrolled at the central Universidad de Madrid for the second course in medicine.
He came to know of the imprisonment, by order of Sr. Vicente Barrantes, of the 14 rich innocent persons in Manila. The Prisoners who knew nothing is the cause of their detention and who became sick later, were kept in a humid prison cell. Rizal was indignant of his inhuman act.
16 October 1883
He learned from Mariano Katigbak about the 400 cholera victims in Lipa and 3 of beri-beri.
28 October 1883
He had a new address. He live with Eduardo Lete and the two Llorente brothers, Julio and Abdon, in Bano 15 Pral.
21 November 1883
Rizal informed his family of his plan to graduate in medicine at the end of the course in June.
27 November 1883
His sister Maria that Soledad was married on November 4, 1883 informed Rizal in a letter. Narcisa also informed him that the causes of the delay of sending him a letters were the cholera, the typhoon, and the death of the parish priest, events, which occurred in succession.
31 December 1883
In the evening Rizal delivered a speech in a banquet held at the Café de Madrid. Many Filipinos were gathered in the restaurant to bid goodbye to the year 1884.
2 January 1884
Rizal proposed to the member of the Circulo assembled in the house of the Pateros, the publication of a book by association. This idea became the embryo of this first novel Noli Me Tangere .
3 January 1884
Early in the morning, Rizal went to the University of San Carlos only to find out that there was no class. He immediately went to the Café de Madrid to meet members of the Circulo who were gathered again to discuss the proposed book.
4 January 1884
Rizal received letter from his Uncle Antonio Rivera. They were, according to him, full of good and interesting news.
5 January 1884
Rizal and the Filipino student were reunited again in the house of Pateros to reorganized the association. Since no action was taken on that day, it was agreed to gather again the next Sunday.
6 January 1884
Rizal meet Valentine Ventura. They took their supper in the English restaurant in Madrid.
7 January 1884
Rizal’s professor in Greek slashed at the students accusing them insubordination. The students of the San Carlos University were on strike, thus preventing him to attend the strike.
8 January 1884
Rizal finished two drawings. He met Ruiz who proposed him that if there be someone who would pay the expenses of the Circulo, Rizal would be made president.
9 January 1884
He did a single centavo on He attended.
Rizal Back in Madrid:
10 January 1884
Rizal received two letters: one from his uncle Antonio dated December 2 and the other from Paciano dated November 30.
11 January 1884
In Madrid, Rizal was visited by Antonio Aguirre. Later, he went to class and met Pareda there.
12 January 1884
Rizal went to the theatre. He enjoyed seeing the "El Octavo No Mentir" and "Un Año Mas."
13 January 1884
In the afternoon, in the house of the Paterno’s, Rizal extended the meeting of the Filipino students
15 January 1884
Rizal and other Filipino students in Madrid attended the birthday party of Pablo Ortiga y Rey. There was a dance.
16 January 1884
In the morning, Rizal went to class. After his class, he visited his patient on the number 10 bed who thanked Rizal for the help he extended. The patient recovered immediately.
17 January 1884
He went with Llorente to witness the proceedings in the senate. At 6:00 p.m., after more than 5 hours of waiting outside, they were able to enter the hall.
18 January 1884
Rizal was not able to attend his classes due to the demonstrations of the students of the College of Law and the College of Medicine against the Minister of Finance.
20 January 1884
Rizal met Valentin Ventura and Rafael. He sent to C.O. (Consuelo Ortiga) a piece of guimaras cloth. He bought a tenth part of a lottery ticket for three pesetas.
21 January 1884
He went to class. The students of the College of Law still refused to enter. They wanted the abolition of the decrees. Rizal thru Eduardo Lete, receive the thanks of C.O. guimaras cloth.
23 January 1884
Rizal visited the artist Estevan and Melecio. He meet Antonio and Maximino and later Pedro. The Pateros requested him to exhibit his photos, but Rizal refused because the pictures contained dedication.
24 January 1884
Rizal was visited by Valentin Ventura. The strike of the students in the University of San Carlos was settled and the students of the College of Law entered their classes
25 January 1884
Rizal had a sad dream. He dreamed the returned home, but what a sad reception! His parents did not meet him.
26 January 1884
Rizal with Estevan Figueroa, Sanmarti, Eduardo Lete and Rafael went to the house of Etermes Figueron. This was the most peaceful reunion the Filipinos had.
27 January 1884
He had a picture taken in the house of Otero. He was visited by Maximino and Antonio Paterno. They planned to see the Ateneo, Madrid, but the weather did not permit them.
28 January 1884
He visited the Ateneo with Antonio and Maximino it was beautiful, wide and well decorated. He met beautiful girl at the door of his neighbor’s house.
29 January 1884
He attended the Masquerade ball in Madrid in which he enjoyed by dancing every piece. There were two masked person who were joking him but whom he did not recognize.
30 January 1884
Rizal sent three letters to the Philippines, one for his uncle Antonio Rivera, another for Jose Cecilio (Chengoy) and the other for Lolay. He sent also newspapers: El Imperial, El Dia and El Liberal.
31 January 1884
Rizal made an accounting of his one month expenses. For the month of January, he spent a total of 329.63 pesetas.
1 February 1884
He went to the theatre of Eslava to hear politics and bull-fighting. Later he went to the Café de Madrid.
2 February 1884
Rizal in the Filipino students were gathered in the house of D. Paul, to discuss the affairs of the association.
3 February 1884
He was visited by the Cortabitarte sisters accompanied by their mother. He receive them amiably.
4 February 1884
He stayed at home, seriously reviewing his lesson for the examination.
5 February 1884
He visited Valentin Ventura who was slight sick of dermatitis.
6 February 1884
Rizal felt sad for the death of hid professor in History, D. Federico Lara. Of the professor, Rizal said: "very nice person, at least by the little I knew of him."
7 February 1884
He witnessed the discussion between the two Spaniards in the street of Lobo, one sustained that all Spaniards are brave and the other, that not all are brave.
9 February 1884
He was very much disgusted of the result of the "La Macosta" which he saw for 2.10 pesetas.
10 February 1884
Rizal had a work around the University District. Later, he went to see Consuelo Ortiga.
13 February 1884
He sent letters to his uncle Rivera and to his family, the latter with a picture.
17 February 1884
Rizal made operation on arterial vein in the Hospital de la Princesa.
25 February 1884
He attended the carnival where he saw at his side a beautiful girl, with blue eyes and a pleasant smile.
7 March 1884
Rizal performed an operation with Mariani. In the evening, he attended English lecture conducted by a Mr. Schuts in the Ateneo de Madrid.
9 March 1884
He was visited by Cunanan and Valentin Ventura. They talked on various matters.
11 March 1884
Rizal receive an information from his uncle Antonio to the effect the Sra. Ticang became crazy.
- He bought a German on this day.
15 March 1884
He visited D. Quintin Meynet in Atocha Street, Madrid. Later He and Eduardo Lete, Sanmarti, Paco Esquivel and Esteven Figueroa were gathered in the house of Pablo Ortiga.
19 March 1884
He receive postcards from Pepe Esquivel, Aguirre, from the family of Ruiz , Eriate, D. Pablo y Carillo, Pedro Paterno.
30 March 1884
Rizal wrote letters for home, for Leonor Rivera and for his uncle Antonio Rivera.
31 March 1884
He enjoyed his visit with the family of V: talked with the children. For him, this day was full of recollections. He realized that days ran fast.
Rizal Back in Madrid:
8 April 1884
He started his sculptural work representing the "wounded gladiator."
13 April 1884
He receive letters from Leonor Rivera, Uncle Antonio, and from Chengoy (Jose Cecilio). He was very much contented with the news, although not of the health of the Leonor.
17 April 1884
He saw Rossi, the Italian actor representing the Kean, Dumas’ drama. He was surprise of the effect – well represented. Jose Cecilio informed him about the rivalry between Leonor Valenzuela and Leonor Rivera. He told rizal in a letter about the desire of Miss Rivera to see Miss Valenzuela with the object of settling the rivalry.
- From the same letter learned that two thirds medical students studying University of Santo Thomas failing grades.
20 April 1884
He receive uncle Antonio 500 pesetas he went to visit the brother, but they were home.
24 April 1884
In the evening he saw Hamlet presented and he had a pleasant moment how wonderfully was interpreted.
1 May 1884
He stopped eating in Calle de Lobo, Madrid; he wnt to the Calle de Principe. He dropped his German language lessons in order to devote the entire month to his studies for the coming examinations.
6 May 1884
Rizal answered Lorenzo D’Ayot who published an article entitled "El Teatro Tagalo."
5 June 1884
He took the examination on medical clinic, 2nd course, in Central University de Madrid.
6 June 1884
He took the examination in his last subject in Medicine, Surgical clinic, 2nd course. He got grade of "very good."
9 June 1884
Rizal filed an application for graduation for the degree of Licentiate in Medicine.
13 June 1884
He took an examination in Greek and Latin literature. He obtained a grade of "excellent" in both subjects.
14 June 1884
He took an examination in Greek, 1st course, and got a grade of "excellent."
17 June 1884
Rizal pawned his ring to pay the fees for the examination.
21 June 1884
He finished the degree of Licentiate in Medicine with the grade of aprobado from the Central Universidad de Madrid.
25 June 1884
Rizal won first prize in Greek contest, after which he delivered a speech in honor of the two Filipino painters, Juan Luna and Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo. The occasion commemorated the triumph of the two, especially Luna who won the first prize for his Spoliarium during the National Exposition of Fine Arts held in Madrid that year.
26 June 1884
He took an examination in Universal History, 2nd course. He grade of "excellent."
27 June 1884
He was informed in a letter by Mariano Katigbak about the deteriorating health of Leonor Rivera caused by her too much loving and waiting for her love one.
1 July 1884
Rizal explained the term "Filibusterismo" in the newspaper of Madrid El Progreso, calling the attention of the Spanish authorities over the case of future of the Filipinos. He asked for freedom of the press and the right of representation of the Spanish Cortes.
29 August 1884
He came to know how Pedro Tobin of Nagcarlan Laguna, was gypped in Madrid. The man was fooled and all his cash was lost. He relayed the news to the Philippines thru his parents.
31 August 1884
The popularity of his speech delivered during the Luna-Hidalgo banquet held in Madrid, reached the Philippines via two ways: one thru the draft Rizal sent to Antonio Rivera and the other thru the periodicals he sent to his friends.
30 September 1884
He was issued the diploma of ordinary prize obtained during the examination given last June 30, in the subjects of Greek and Latin Literature at the Central Universidad De Madrid.
5 November 1884
He receive the news from Paciano that the cause of the sickness of their mother was his speech delivered during the banquet in honor of two Filipino painters. Their mother feared that Rizal could no longer return to the Philippines as opined by both his friends and enemies in the country.
16 November 1884
He wrote a letter to his family in Calamba asking their permission for him to return to the Philippines.
- Because of the treaty of commerce being negotiated between Spain and United States and the plan of England to enter into the said treaty, Rizal predicted the fate of the Philippine sugar. He said it would turn from bad to worse.
20 November 1884
Rizal witnessed the tumultuous scene in the Central Universidad de Madrid where the students and professors staged a strike against excommunication imposed by the bishop on the lecture proclaiming the freedom of science and of the teacher.
21 November 1884
With Valentin Ventura, he escaped from being arrested by a police lieutenant and a secret service man in connection with strike staged by the University students.
22 November 1884
He disguised himself three times to evade arrest by the law agents who were eyeing on him. The indignation rally of the students continued and more arrest were affected.
26 November 1884
Desirous to help the family, Rizal in a letter reiterated his wish to return home.
11 December 1884
Teodora Alonso admonished not to meddle in things which would give her displeasures, not tomfail to comply with the duties of good Christian, and not to expect too many letter from her and she was already very old and could not see very well due to her failing sight.
1 January 1885
Paciano begged Rizal to wait for the opportune time to return to the Philippines. In a letter, he told Rizal that their parents would see him in Hong kong sometime in the future, and not in the Philippines were the situation was dangerous for him. Paciano asked for some information about sugar beets in Europe, and advised Rizal to write tell their parents things that would always please them.
26 February 1885
In a letter Rizal told Jose Cecilio to marry Miss Leonor Valenzuela, than see her married to the other person. The letter arrive on the Philippines last April 5 1885, on the same boat which took Governor General Emilio Torero.
30 March 1885
Rizal sent a letter to his brother Paciano why not receive his pension. In the same letter he mentioned his going either to England or Germany to specialized in ophthalmology.
18 April 1885
He asked Jose Cecilio for advise as to who, between two Leonors, would be an ideal partner in life. Cecilio, as an answer to the question, selected Leanoe Rivera for being more feminine, more ductile, sweeter, milder, nicer, and above all more educated.
16 June 1885
Rizal receive a letter from Manuel Hidalgo informing him of another cholera case which occurred in Manila. He requested by a letter to buy for him ( Hildalgo) tha Spanish book Emilio written by Rousseau.
- He receive one hundred pesos (P100) from Saturnina and Manuel Hidalgo as their contribution to his expenses in finishing Doctorate degree.
19 June 1885
Rizal finished the degree in Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters with grade sobresaliente from the Central Universidad of Madrid.
28 June 1885
Rizal wrote to P. Faura and Sr. Barrantes requesting them to work for the transfer of Silvestre Ubaldo to Calamba from Albay were the letter was signed as post master and telegraphic operator.
30 July 1885
In a letter, he asked permission from his parents to cure cholera patients in towns were there were no doctors in order to earn at least $12 a day. He was financially hard up and wanted to help his parents.
30 September 1885
He was issued a diploma of ordinary prize on Hebrew language, obtained during the examination offered last june 13 at the Central Universidad de Madrid. He w2as also issued on his date another diploma of ordinary prize on Greek language, 2nd course.
1 October 1885
Rizal planned to leave Madrid by the middle of the month. He intended to go to Germany to learn the German language and to study advance course of ophthalmology.
Rizal in France
19 November 1885
While in Paris, Rizal recieved information from Ceferino de Leon about the prevailing vices among the Filipinos in the house of Aceveno in Madrid, abetted by the lousy women gamblers.
27 November 1885
Rizal’s transfer to Paris was disapproved by Paciano who, at the same time, informed Rizal that his letter caused their mother to shed tears; that Rizal’s brown horse would be sold, the money to be remitted to him in Paris together with the chronometer watch worth $300 (Mexican dollars).
4 December 1885
He was practicing ophthalmology with Dr. Weeker at the Crugen Clinic.
19 December 1885
The news that the Filipinos in Madrid were preparing a Christmas banquet in spite of the little money they had, was relayed in a letter to Rizal in Paris by Ceferino de Leon who also informed the former about his (de Leon’s) plan of going to Paris the following summer.
1 January 1886
Rizal represented to Paz Pardo de Tavera a pair of Greek vases which he painted the other with the picture of the Filipinos engaged in cockfighting, and the other with the same people at work as milkmen and as prisoners at hard labor.
In the album of Paz Pardo de Tavera, he entered the illustrated story of the monkey and the turtle.
Rizal in Strasburg, Germany:
2 February 1886
Rizal arrived at Strasburg, Germany. He visited the celebrated cathedral and climbed a tower of 142 meters high, the fourth highest of the European towers.
Rizal in Heidelberg, Germany:
3 February 1886
He arrived at Heidelberg. The town to him looked gay. On the streets he saw students with cups of different colors.
6 February 1886
Rizal was living in a boarding house costing him 28 duros a month. He found German life full of potatoes; potatoes in the morning and potatoes in the evening.
9 February 1886
He penned a letter to his family in Calamba describing his life in Heidelberg and his trip from Paris to the city of flowers.
14 February 1886
With an old woman as guide, Rizal visited the interior of the famous castle in Heidelberg. He saw the hallmof the pages. Waiting room, audience chamber, the court, and many other parts of building.
17 February 1886
In a letter, he informed his family in Calamba of his visits to the eye clinic of Dr. Otto Becker.
18 February 1886
He planned to change his residence. He wanted to tranfer to 12 Ludwigsplats, near the University.
19 February 1886
He must have transferred to 12 Ludwigsplats. In a letter to his family in Calamba, he describe the duels he saw in Hirschgasse among students belonging to different corporation.
11 March 1886
He wrote to his younger sister, Trinidad, describing the German girl as "serious, studious, and very much attached to his work" However, she did not have that "delicacy of hearth’ of the Filipino woman. He advised Trinidad to read and read.
22 April 1886
While in Heidelberg experiencing the feeling of nostalgia for his parents and his country, Rizal wrote the poem "A Las Flores de Heidelberg."
Rizal in Wilhelmsfeld, Germany:
26 April 1886
He left Heidelberg for Wilhemsfeld to honor invitation extended to him by Reverend Karl Ullmer whom Rizal meet one day in the woods with the Pastor’s wife, daughter Eta and son Freidrich. In Wilhelmsfeld where Pastor Ullmer was staying and working, Rizal was invited to visit the vicarage. Later, on Rizal’s choice, he boarded with the Ullmer family until he left Wilhelmsfeld by last week of June.
9 June 1886
From Wilhelmsfeld, he reiterated in a letter to his parents, the necessity of writing him the badly needed amount.
20-25 June 1886
Rizal left Wilhelmsfeld for Hiedelberg. In Wilhemsfeld he studied the German country life and ppractice speaking good German with the Ullmer’s family with whom he live.
Rizal Returned to Heidelberg:
26 June 1886
From Heidelberg Rizal sent to Reverend Ullmer the note of 100 pesetas. He wanted to comply with the promise of paying a latter the amount he incurred while he was in Wilhemsfeld.
14 July 1886
In Hiedelberg Rizal was admitted member of the chess Club Germany. The Club Presidents F. Zeferenz and E.Arrnirum.
31 July 1886
He sent to Prof. Ferdinant Blumentritt a book in arithmetic written in Spanish in Tagalog. This started the communication between the two and also the start of their life long friendship.
6 July 1886
Rizal wrote few expressive lines dedicated to this beautiful city Heidelberg. He was to start his travel thru the cities along Rhine River.
- On this day he witnessed the fifth centenary celebration of the founding of the University of Heidelberg, which he enjoyed very much.
Rizal on His Way to Leipzig:
9 August 1886
Rizal left Hiedelberg for Leipzig
10 August 1886
He left Bonn for Colonia, on his way to Leipzig.
12 August 1886
He arrived at Coblents, one of the cities along the Rhine River.
13 August 1886
Rizal was in Ehrenfels, Germany.
14 August 1886
At 10:10 in the morning, he left Frankfurt for Leipzig.
Rizal in Leipzig, Germany:
15 August 1886
Rizal arrive at Leipzig at 9:30 in the morning.
16 August 1886
In a letter, Rizal offered his little knowledge in Tgalog to Prof. Blumentrit for thr latter’s study of the language. He said that his knowledge in tagalog which he studied since boyhood is as useful as that friars and chroniclers who had stayed for a short time in the Philippines.
2 September 1886
He witnessed the fiesta of the Sedan, which was highlighted by the inauguration of the beautiful fountain in front of the museum of Leipzig
13 October 1886
Rizal, in company with the school teacher, Hering visited one of two big beer manufacturing companies, situated in Reudnitz, and owned by a Mr. Riebek.
14 October 1886
He got acquainted persolly with Doctor Hans Meyer, chief of the Bibliographical Institute of the Germany, and author of one of the two famous encyclopaedical dictionaries of Germany.
21 October 1886
Rizal left Leipzig for Halle to observe the country life of the people there. He returned in the afternoon.
Rizal in Dresden, Germany:
29 October 1886
Rizal arrived at Dresden at 8:20 in the morning.
30 October 1886
He visited the Palacio Japonais and many other interesting places in Dresden.
31 October 1886
In Dresden, he met Dr. A.B. Mayer, naturalist of the Dresden University. He was shown interesting things taken from the Palaos Islands and from tombs in the Philippines.
1 November 1886
He left Dresden this morning for Berlin. In the station, he was nearly cheated by the taxi driver.
Rizal in Berlin, Germany:
1 November 1886
At 1:25 P.M., Rizal arrived at Berlin and boarded at the Central Hotel.
2 November 1886
Rizal wrote a letter to his friend Pastor Karl Ullmer informing the latter of his arrival at the big German capital the day before. He wrote: "Remembrances to your loving wife, Eta and to Friedrich."
4 November 1886
In a letter he informed Prof. Blumentritt about his meeting with Dr. A.B. Meyer last October 31 in Dresden. He was already residing at Jaeger Straesse 71,111.
9 November 1886
He was admitted to the Real Biblioteca de Berlin to do some research and to read other books. His admission ended on March 1,1887.
22 November 1886
In a letter, he informed Pro. Blumentritt that he had already sent to his nephews in the Philippines the tragedies of Schiller and the stories of anderson, which he translated into Tagalog.
27 November 1886
He made a small outline of the Teruray, dialect of the binhabitants of the Western coast of Mindanao,which he later sent to Prof. Blumentritt.
11 December 1886
Maximo Viola joined Rizal in Berlin. Rizal was not able to meet Viola at the station because the former was sick.
12 December 1886
Early in the morning Rizal visited Viola at the Central Hotel. They took breakfast together I the restaurant below then hotel.
15 December 1886
He started teaching Viola the German language.
23 December 1886
He started dreaming of his mother.
24 December 1886
Rizal was high spirit although he just recovered from sickness. He was very happy to be with Maximo Viola. He finished translating one third of the book Waitz.
25 December 1886
Rizal wrote his mother: "It is three times now that I constantly dream you and sometimes the dreaam repeats itself in a single night. I would not like to superstitious even if the Bible and the Gospel believe dreams, but I like to believe that you are thinking constantly me and this makes my mind reproduce what goes on in you for after all my brain is a part of yours, and this is not stran because while I am asleep here, you are awake there."
27 December 1886
He was required by the German police to provide himself with the necessary passports or the risk of being expelled from German soil after three weeks.
30 December 1886
In a letter, told Prof. Blumentritt, of a plan of Maximo Viola to cope with him to Leitmeritz during his visit there.
31 December 1886
A certain Captain and ex-aide of Geneva Moltke of the French-pruss War invited Rizal to his home to celebrate the incoming New Year. Before this fiesta, Rizal bought a pair of chin pitchers, painting them figure of an old man representing the outgoing year and a boy personifying the incoming year.
He became a member of the Ethnographic Society of Berlin in whose meeting he had the rare opportunity of hearing the interesting lecture of Dr. Donitz on pre-historic Japanese tombs which contained sets of dishes and other decorations.
11 January 1887
He met personally Dr. Teodor Jagor who invited him to attend the monthly luncheon of the member of the Geographic Society. In one of luncheons, he came to know the famous Virchow, president of the Anthropological Society of Berlin.
24 January 1887
He was again sick of fever and in the evening had stopped working on the novel. If not for Maximo Viola, he would have transferred to Italy where according to him the climate was healthful.
26 January 1887
He planned to translate the book of travels of Dr. Jagor as soon as he would finish translating the book of Waitz. By spring, he hoped to finish this works.
7 February 1887
He was very busy this day and the previous days going to the clinic and making some clinical investigations. In the house, he was occupied reading the copies of the Globus sent him Prof. Blumentritt.
He became a member of the Anthropological Society and the Geographic Society of Berlin.
21 February 1887
He communicated to Evaristo Aguirre telling the latter that the novel Noli was being rushed for publication. He requested Aguirre not to divulge the real title "Sampagas". At 11:30 in the evening, he finished writing the novel.
1 March 1887
His admission to Real Biblioteca, where he used to read the books about the Philippines, expired on this day.
5 March 1887
Rizal translated into French the "History of a Mother" by Andersen written in German.
21 March 1887
Copies of his novel came off the press. He sent one copy to Prof. Blumentritt. In a letter of his Austrian friend, he say it was the first impartial and daring book to be written on the life of the Tagalogs. He opined that the Spanish authorities and the friar would attack the book.
29 March 1887
In grateful appreciation of Maximo Viola’s pecuniary aid, Rizal presented him the last galley proofs and the first bound copy with this dedication: "To my dear friend, Maximo Viola, the first to read and appreciate my work- Jose Rizal, March 29, 1887, Berlin."
Rizal read before the Ethnographic Society of Berlin the "Arte Metrica del Tagalog", a thesis submitted by him to become a member of the same society in the same year.
12 April 1887
He received a gift from Blumentritt. It was an Ethno-graphic map of Central Mindanao published by the Cartographic Institute of Gotha.
13 April 1887
With Maximo Viola, Rizal studied the map sent him by Prof. Blumentritt. He said it is very necessary for every one to know first his own country- "Nosce te ipsum". He considered the Filipinos unfortunate because they had to receive new knowledge about themselves from foreigners.
24 April 1887
He was happy to receive the letter of pardon from his beloved father. He definitely decided to go home and help his folks.
– Later he sent an advance notice to Prof Blumentritt of their coming visit to Leitmeritz.
By the end of April, Rizal left in Berlin for Dresden where the most famous "Musco Etnografico" was located. He met there the wise Filipinoogist director of the museum, Dr. A. B. Meyer, uthor of the excellent monographs.
11 May 1887
Accompanied by Maximo Viola, Rizal left Berlin to visit the cities of Eurupe, including Dresden, Leitmeritz, Prague, Vienna, Munich, Nuremberg, Ulm, Lausanne, and Geneva.
Rizal in Leitmeritz, Bohemia:
13 May 1887
Rizal and Viola arrived at Leitmeritz at 1:30 in the afternoon. They were met at the station by Prof. Blumentritt who conducted them to the Krebs Hotel, Room No. 12.
Rizal and Viola attended the session of the Board of Directors of the Tourist Club in Leitmeritz thru the invitation of Prof. Blumentritt who was the club secretary. They were cordially received by the President of the Club, Jose Krombholz. Rizal delivered an extemporaneous speech in German, which was very much applauded by the audience for his fluency.
15 May 1887
With Prof. Blumentritt as their guide, Rizal and Viola visited the churches , the residence of the Bishop and other important buildings of the city. They also visited the special friend of Prof. Blumentritt, Dr. Carlos Czepelak, who wanted very much to see Rizal personally.
16 May 1887
Professor Roberto Klutschak invited Rizal, Viola, and Prof Blumentritt to dine in his house , and in the evening in return, Rizal and Viola invited them in Krebs Hotel. At 9:45 that same evening Rizal And Viola , accompanied by the whole family of Prof. Blumentritt and Prof. Kluschk, left Leitmeritz for Prague.
Rizal in Brunn;
19 May 1887
Rizal bade goodbye to Prof. Dr. Willkomn, State Adviser in Brunn. The lovable daughter of the professor reproached Rizal for not having told them of his artistic and poetic talents which they read in Bohemia, a newspaper published in Prague. They left Brunn this day.
Rizal in Vienna:
20-24 May 1887
Rizal and Maximo Viola arrived in Vienna at 2:30 P.M. of May 20th and both boarded at the Hotel Metropole.
24 May 1887
For the last 3 days, they were conducted around the city by Mr. Masner to see the points of interest, especially the Museum. On this day, Rizal was interviewed by Mr. Alder of the newspaper Extra Blatt.
25 May 1887
With Viola, Rizal left Vienna for Salzburg which the, too, left the following day, May 26, for Munich.
Rizal in Munich, Germany 26-30 May 1887
Rizal and Viola were boarders of Rheinischer Hof or Rhine Hotel in Munich for five days. On May 29, 1887, they drunk beer in the business establishment, LowerbranKeller Munich.
30 May 1887
they left for Stuttgart.
Rizal in Stuttgart, Germany 31 May, 1887
Rizal and Viola arrived at the Geneva and boarded at the Hotel Merquardt. They left for Basel the following day, June 1.
Rizal in Basel, Switzerland:
3 June 1887
Rizal and Viola drank beer in Baverieche, Bierhalle, Basel, Switzerland. A paper napkin with the trademark of the said establishment proves that they were in this place on their way to Geneva. They left the place the following day, June 4.
6 June 1887
Rizal and Viola arrived at Geneva and boarded at Rue due Rhone 3, Pension Bel-Air. Here Rizal expressed his feeling against the exhibition of the Igorots in Madrid side by side with the animals and plants. In a letter to Blumentritt, he wished the Igorots would die immediately to avoid further sufferings.
10 June 1887
Rizal changed the original plan for his trip. He wanted now to pass Italy, te country of European Laws, before leaving Europe. He hoped to stay in Geneva up to the 20th of the month.
Rizal sent a letter to Fernando Canon requesting the latter to sell the copies of the Noli, not less than 5 pesetas per copy. Canon was given 10% commission for the copies sold.
19 June 1887
With Maximo Viola, Rizal celebrated his 26th birthday in Geneva, Switzerland. His attitude towards revolution was manifested in his letter to Blumentritt on the following terms: "I do not have interest of taking part in any conspiracy, which seems to me very premature and risky. But if the government obliges it to us, meaning, when no other hope is left for us than search for our perdition in war, when the Filipinos prefer to die supporting misery, then I shall also become supporter of violent means. It is on the hands of Spain whether to select peace or perdition because it is an evident fact which all know that we are patient, very patient and peaceful."
23 June 1887
Rizal and Maximo Viola parted at Geneva, after visiting European cities
-Rizal going to Rome and Viola to Barcelona
Rizal in Rome, Italy:
27 June 1887
Rizal arrived at Rome and walked around the whole day. He visited the Capitolio, the Roca Tarperya, the Palatinum, the Forum Romanun, the Museum Capitolinum and the church of Santa Maria, the maggiore. He tool a flower from the Palace of Septimius Severus, which he sent to Blumentritt
29 June 1887
From Rome, Rizal wrote his father: "I was in Turin, Milan, Venice, Florence, and for some days I have been here." Heannounced his return to the Philippines between the 15th and 30th of August.
30 June 1887
He considered the day a lucky one for him, meeting on the railway an Italian priest who treated him like an old friend and whom he considered his Father Confessor.
Rizal on His Way to Marseilles, France:
1 July 1887
In the train on his way to Marseilles, Rizal treated with much amiability by and American couple who invited him many times to dine and drink with them, and who, before separating in Monaco, bought fruits for him.
2 July 1887
Rizal in Marseilles searched the bodegas of the "Mensagerias Maritimas" for the box of merchandise.
3 July 1887
Rizal was in the Bureau of Posts of Marseilles at 8 o’clock in the morning. He received two letters there: One form Manuel Hidalgo and the other from Ferdinand Blumentritt. He left Marseilles bound for his homeland on board the boat Djemnah on the same day.
Rizal Bound for the Philippines:
4 July 1887
Rizal passed the island of Cerdeña.
7 July 1887
In a letter he informed Fernando Canon about his trip on board the Djemnah, about the different co-passengers he had the activies he did on board.
8 July 1887
He arrived at Port Said, Egypt.
He arrived at the Suez Canal.
21 July 1887
Rizal arrived at Colombo, Ceylon. He went ashore and bought a hat.
26 July 1887
He wrote in a postcard from the Strait of Malacca: "Greetings from the Strait of Malacca in a sea as tranquil as a mirror..."
27 July 1887
Rizal arrived at Singapore.
28 July 1887
Rizal left Singapore for Saigon.
30 July 1887
He arrived at Saigon and transferred to the S.S. Hayfong, a passenger ship.
2 August 1887
He left Saigon for Manila on board the S.S. Hayfong.
3 August 1887
He slept on deck the whole night. He must have been enjoying the magnificence of the sea illumined by the full moon.
Rizal in Manila:
5 August 1887
At 9:00 o’clock in the evening, Rizal arrived at Manila after five years of study and patriotic labors in Europe.
6 August 1887
He saw sunset in Maiveles.
8 August 1887
Taking the boat Biñan, he left Manila Monday morning for Calamba via the Pasig River. He found the river more exuberant than before.
18 August 1887
In a letter, Archbishop P. Payo instructed Fr. Gregorio Echevarria, Rector of the University of Sto. Thomas, that an information about the novel Noli Me Tangere be issued by a Commission composed of University professors Fr. Matias Gomez, Fr. Norberto del Prado and Fr. Evaristo Fernandez Arias.
30 August 1887
He left Calamba for Manila to see Governor-General on the issue of the Noli Me Tangere which caused torment among the friars in the Philippines. Governor-General Terrero asked him for a copy and Rizal, after a few days looking for copy, handed him a worn out one.
– On the same date, the Calustro Universitario formed by the Rector of Santo Thomas upon the order of the Archbishop of Manila, issued an order prohibiting the possession and reading of the Noli Me Tangere.
Rizal decided not to leave his family within this year. His sister Olimpia died of hemorrhage while giving birth. His father did not permit him to go out alone and eat in the house of his relatives.
26 September 1887
He sent to Blumentritt 6 cigarettes, sampaguita, cinnamon, kamuning flowers, and a Tagalog lighter which he himself invented in Calamba and which he called Sulpakan. All this things were placed in a small box which was used by Prof. Blumentritt in sending Rizal the pin the latter left in Kreb Hotel, Leitmeritz, while the hero was yet in Vienna. He also informed his good friend (Blumentritt) about the death of his sister Olimpia.
In order to discourage his townmates from going to cockpits and other forms of gambling, he encouraged and popularized physical exercises by giving classes in gymnastics. Meanwhile, he was happy to know that Prof. Blumentritt was translating his (Rizal’s) novel to German, saying it was a greaqt honor for him.
19 October 1887
Rizal made a pencil drawing of a sailboat sailing on Lagunade Bay, which he saw with Jose Taviel de Andrade, Lieutenant of the Civil Guards assigned by the Governor-General Terrero to protect him, during an excursion to Los Baños. This drawing was sent to Blumentritt.
Rizal and Maximo Viola met again in Manila in the house of Pedro Serrano, on San Jose Street (Trozo). Viola endorsed to Rizal a Patient named Lorenzo Tuazon for an eye operation.
3 December 1887
He was able to earn $900 from his medical practice. He thought of taking with him the amount when he would leave for abroad.
29 Decmber 1887
The Permanent Board Of Censure headed by Fr. Salvador Font issued a judgment absolutely prohibiting the circulation of the Noli Me Tangere in the Philppines. Upon the recommendation of the Governor-General, Father Font said: "…Aside of attacking so directly, as you have seen your Excellency, the Religion of the state, institutions and respectable persons for their official character, the book is replete of foreign teachings and doctrines; and the general synthesis of the same is to inspire among the loyal and submissive sons of Spain in these distant islands, profound,and furious hate to the mother country…"
8 January 1888
Rizal wrote a petition to the Administrator of Public Islands of Laguna about the Haciendas of the friars in Calamba. He cited all the grievances of the Calamba folks and tenants against the supposed owner of the hacienda. He said the owner didn’t help in the improvement of agriculture, in the celebration of the town fiesta, in the education of the children, and that the profit of the hacienda incresed due to the increased rentals.
3 February 1888
Rizal, after staying in the Philippines for almost six months, left Manila for Hongkong, bringing with him P5,000 which he earned from his medical practice.
Rizal in Hong Kong:
8 February 1888
After 5 days trip, Rizal arrived at Hong Kong. He boarded in the house of Jose Maria Basa.
19 February 1888
With Jose Maria Basa, Jose Sainz de Veranda and some Portuguese, Rizal left Hongkong for Macao on board the Kui Kiang. In Macao, they lived in the house of Juan Lecaroz. Rizal went around for observation, especially the botanical garden.
22 February 1888
After staying in Hong Kong for almost two weeks, he left for Japan on board the Oceanic.
Rizal in Japan:
28 February 1888
Rizal, after days of travel, arrived at Yokohama. He registered at the Grand Hotel. He was offered at once the Spanish Legation for his home. In Japan, Rizal studied the habits and customs of the Japanese people, their language, theaters and commerce.
1 March 1888
He cheked out of the Grand Hotel and entrained for Tokyo and there lodged at the Tokyo Hotel.
4 March 1888
He wrote Blumentritt about the honesty, courtesy,cleanliness and industry of the Japanese people. However, he also expressed his disgust on the use of the mandrawn jinrikisha.
7 March 1888
Rizal cheked out of Tokyo Hotel and moved to the Spanish Legation where he was offered free boar and lodging.
15 March 1888
Rizal first saw O-Sei-san walking past the gate of the Spanish Legation.
7 April 1888
Rizal wrote his family and envisioned that in the future the Philippines woukd have more contact and relations with Japan.
13 April 1888
Rizal left Yokohama for San Francisco, on board the Belgic.
Rizal in America:
28 April 1888
Rizal arrived at San Francisco, California.
28 April to May 1888
He was placed in quarantine for 6 days on board the Belgic anchored off San Francisco Bay.
5-6 May 1888
Rizal boarded at the Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California. He went around for observation of the city.
8 May 1888
He started his trip of the American continent. He passes through Reno, Ogden, Denver, Farmington, Salt Lake City and Provo.
9 May 1888
Rizal continued his trip, passing the territory of the State of Colorado.
10 May 1888
He passed thru the territory of the Nebraska, Illinois.
11 May 1888
He arrived at Chicago, after four days crossing the American Continents.
13 May 1888
He reached Albany and later traveled along the bank of the Hudson River. This day was the end of his transcontinental trip. Arriving at New York on the morning, he boarded at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
Rizal Bound for England:
16 May 1888
Rizal departed from New York City on board the City of Rome, bound for Liverpool.
16-24 May 1888
It took him nine days to travel aboard the City of Rome from New York to Queenstown, where he arrived at 2:00 A. M. Late in the afternoon of May 24th , he arrived at Liverpool, England, and boarded at the Adelphi Hotel.
25 May 1888
He left Liverpool for London, England.
Rizal in London:
2 June 1888
Dr. Reinhold Rost and family tendered in their house a tea party in Rizal’s honor. Rizal saw in the Rost’s house a good Filipiniana library. (Dr. Reinhold Rost, a book lover, librarian of the Minister of Foreign Relations of England and famous Malayalogist, had especial predilections for Rizal whom he used to call Hombre perla).
23 June 1888
He thought of publishing the second edition of the Noli Me Tangere with the illustrations of Juan Luna and with slight changes. He wanted to correct the typographical errors and the erroneous citation of Shakespeare which should be that of Schiller.
27 June 1888
In a letter, he requested Mariano Ponce to send more Copies of the Noli Me Tangere to the Philippines. He told Ponce that the question of writing with more or less literature is just secondary; what is essential is to think and to feel rightly, to work for an object and the pen will take charge of transmitting the ideas.
9 July 1888
Rizal asked Pof. Blumentritt for advice whether or not to answer Senator vida who denounced him (Rizal) in the Senate in Madrid as an intimate friendof Prince Bismarch, and his novel as anti-Catholic, preaching protestant and socialist.
12 July 1888
The Hispano-Filipino association was reorganized by the Filipinos in Madrid and by theSpaniards sympathizing the cause of the filipinos, headed by Sr. Morayta.
26 July 1888
It was decided to write in the press and artile which would teach Senator Vida courtesy and honesty. Earlier, he had written a letter to the Senator in Madrid whose answer he was waiting for.
27 July 1888
Rizal wrote a letter to Mariano Ponce (Naning) telling the latter of his experience in his travel Manila via Hongkong, Japan and North America, and the people he met in Hongkong, who he said, are enthusiastic about the Noli and are studious and patriots.
16 August 1888
Rizal was admitted to the reading room of the British Museum of London.
He was busy with the Morga. He thought of copying the whole book and annotating it for publication as his gift to the Filipinos. Dr. Antonio Regidor, one of the exiles of the 1872 event, promised to be his capitalist. Along with the Morga he wanted also to publish Blumentritt’s "Tribes of Mindanao" including some new documents which he found in the British Museum.
18 August 1888
With the intention of writing the continuation of his first novel, Rizal asked Mariano Ponce in a letter to send him two or more copies of the Noli. Rizal planned t hav a picture taken : one copy to be sent to Ponce and the other to be included in the publication of the second novel.
Rizal in Paris:
4 September 1888
Rizal arrived at Paris and boarded at the Hotel del Restaurant de Rome. Because of the bad news he received from home , he thought of proceeding to Spain. However, the plan was not realized.
9 September 1888
with other invited Filipinos he took his lunch in luna’s house on the occasion of the anniversary of the painter’s son. They ate Filipino food.
10 September 1888
He left Paris for London to continue copying the book of Morga in the British Museum.
Rizal Back in London:
19 September 1888
Rizal finished copying the whole book of Morga.
30 September 1888
In a letter, he requested Mariano Ponce to forward to Hongkong the box of Noli so that Jose Maria Basa could send them to the Philippines where the Filipinos needed them.
12 October 1888
He was admitted to study in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities in the British Museum of London.
- In a letter, he told Mariano Ponce that he was working hard day and night in the British Museum in London in order to be able to fight and defeat the enemies. He contemplated of going to Belgium, Sweden, Norway, and passing thru Holland, Germany and Denmark.
13 October 1888
At seven thirty at the evening, he received a telegram from Hongkong with the information that Manuel Hidalgo, husband of his sister Saturnina, was deported to Bohol without being informed of the cause.
He was busy reading all the old sources of Philippine history. He wanted to read them all before leaving London. He had already copied all parts of pigafetta, likewise a summary of Chirino.
1 November 1888
In a letter, he was invited by the Filipinos in Madrid to direct the newspaper, which they planned to put up, telling him that the newspaper would not prosper without him.
8 November 1888
He was very happy to know that an old Filipino priest whom he didn’t know personally, a Doctor in Theology and who occupied a high position in the Manila Cathedral depended him against Fr. P. Rodriguez, declaring that the Noli is very Christian.
14-18 November 1888
He was busy reading the book of Gaspar de San Agustin about the Philippines. He found the book full of pessimism especially that part which refers to the Indios. The book would have been one of the best references on Philippines literature if not for this defect, according to Rizal.
6 December 1888
Rizal received the news that in spite his opposition, he was elected director of the new newspaper. He was the only candidate who met less adversaries. With this outcome, he planned to go to Madrid to see the members of the Filipino Colony.
6 December 1888
he wrote an extensive article on the meaning and determination of the island Ma-Yi described by Chao JuKua, the Chinese chronicler, in his old Chinese codex.
8 December 1888
Rizal sent to Dr. Carlos Czepelack his sculptural work Revancha in exchange for the beautiful landscape he received from the latter. During the previous days he read the book of Multatuli, a Dutch author. He found the book similar to his Noli with difference, however, on the strength of attack. Rizal’s attacks are more violent than those of Multatuli’s.
11 December 1888
He left London for Barcelona and Madrid.
Rizal Back in Spain 13 December 1888
In Barcelona, he saw the members of the Filipino colony: Mariano Ponce, Fernando Canon, Graciano Lopez-Jaena, and others. They talked much about the Filipinism of Prof. Blumentritt.
Rizal Back in London:
24 December 1888
Rizal arrived at London from his twelve days visit to Spain.
24 December 1888
In a letter, he reminded Prof. Blumentritt of the two busts he sent the latter before leaving for Madrid. The Augustus, which took him 10 days modeling, was given as a Christmas gift to Prof. Blumentritt and the Julius, to Dr. Carlos Czepelack. (Jesus Christ was born during the time of Octavio Cesar called Augosto by the Roman Emperors, hence, as his affection for Prof. Blumentritt, Rizal gave him the Augustus).
28 December 1888
In a letter, he requested Fernando Canon to be the interpreter of his (Rizal’s) sentiments on the December 31st gathering among the Filipino in Madrid.
- In a letter, Rizal requested Ponce to publish the manuscript of the "La Vision de Fr. Rodriguez", about 3,000 to 4,000 copies, and for its expenses, to utilize the money earned for selling copies of the Noli.
31 December 1888
Rizal sent a letter to be read before the reunited Filipinos in Madrid, animating them to do something worthy for the country. He reaffirmed his loyalty to the association and his desire to think and feel with the members, to dream, to want, and to plan something good for the country.
in a letter, Rizal told Jose Ma. Basa in Hongkong not to send the rest of the copies of the Noli to the Philippines to prevent them from being burned or destroyed by the timid Filipinos. "If the present generation does not like to read my book because of fear. I will keep it for the next generation to come…," said Rizal.
6 January 1889
in a letter, he requested Mariano Ponce to change the word sabio to como libre pensador in his (Rizal’s) article "La Vision de Fr. Rodriguez" which was sent to Barcelona for publication.
14 January 1889
He sent to Prof. Blumentritt a copy of his plan of forming an International Association of Filipinologists, asking the latter for his opinion about this plan. He thought of holding a conference among the members during the Paris exposition in August, 1889.
4 February 1889
Rizal rejoiced because of the coming out on the 15th of the month of the publication La Solidaridad in Barcelona. This was communicated to Marcelo H. del Pilar. He urged that one of the Filipinos staying in Barcelona should study the Italian language to be able to read and study the manuscript written in Italian and which treated about the Philippine situation in 1520. The manuscripts, according to Rizal, were written by one of the companions of Magellan.
6 February 1889
In a letter, he requested Prof. Blumentritt to talk with Dr. A. B. Meyer concerning the Association of Filipinologists. The latter was elected member of the organization.
14 February 1889
In a letter, he requested Dr. A. B. Meyer to nominate one Dutch member to the International Association of Filipinologists.
22 February 1889
he wrote the famous letter to the women of Malolos, as per request by Marcelo H. del Pilar.
27 February 1889
in a letter, he informed Dr. A. B. Meyer that Dr. Niuman from Holland, did not accept the position of adviser-member of the Association due to the latter’s many occupations.
5 March 1889
In a letter, Rizal congratulated Graciano Lopez-Jaena for the excellent speech, which the latter delivered.
15 March 1889
Rizal’s article "El Solfeo de La Defensa" was published in the La Solidaridad.
-His "Los agriculores Filipinos" was published in the La Solidaridad.
Rizal Back in Paris:
19 March 1889
Rizal arrived at Paris and immediately founded the Kidlat Club. Since he had no time to publish immediately the annota-tions to the Morgans Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, he planned to edit the Ethnography of Mindanao together with Blumentritt Defense.
On the same day, Rizal, in Paris, permitted Mariano Ponce to publishthe poem "En Bosque" advising the latter pay attention to the signature Laong Laan. Likewise, advised Ponce to buy Filipino books and to mention its authors from time to time.
27 March 1889
He received a table cloth gift from Mrs. Rosa Blumwentritt. In order to remember her always, he placed it on his study table under the table lamp to remind him frequentlyduring his studies in the evening.
28 March 1889
Rizal borrowed from Blumentritt several pictures of different positions with the object of modeling some busts for the Professor. Rizal wanted to leave something as a remebrance of his art to the Austrian savant.
31 March 1889
His "Me Piden Versos…!" Signed Laong-Laan was published in the La Solidaridad.
He became sick in Paris. In a letter to Graciano Loperz Jaena to whom he sent an article for the La Solidaridad, Rizal made mention of his being sick.
He requested Lopez Jaena to become a member of the kidlat, a Filipino Club in Paris. He advised Jaena on the way the newspaper La Solidaridad should be run.
12 April 1889
Another speech was delivered against Rizal in the Spanish Congress. Dr. Luis M. de Pardo, appearing in the Congress. Dr., Luis M. de Pardo, said that "… En Filipinas Sr. Presidente del Consejo Circula con gran profusion, y no ahora, sino desde hace algun tiempo, un libro titulado Noli Me Tengere, que ye suplicaria al Sr. Presidente quesuplicaria al Sr. Presidente que estudiar; pero hagalo con cierto ciudad proque tiene bastante envenenarse su señorita."
18 April 1889
In a letter, Rizal informed Mariano Ponce that if not for the 1872 event, he should have been a Jesuit and instead of writing the Noli Me Tangere, he should have written another.
23 April 1889
He sent a manuscript of the "Ethnography of Mindanao" to Barcelona for publication. Likewise, he sent to Dr. Joist the letter of Manuel Hidalgo in which the abuses of the friars in the Philippines were mentioned and from which Rizal hoped Dr. Joist could gather facts for publication in the Kolmer Zeitung.
30 April 1889
In a letter, Rizal Proposed to Mariano Ponce that a conference among Plaridel (Marcelo H. del Pilar), Apacible, Graciano Lopez Jaena, Ferdinand Blumintritt, Julio Llorente, Fernando Canon, and themselves should be held in Paris. He planned to return to Chalcot Crescent, London.
His article "a La Defensa" was published in the La Solidaridad.
2 May 1889
Rizal wrote Fernando Canon about his sentiment upon thinking that Canon’s child woulf later be a lost member or a country that needed men.
8 May 1889
He learned from Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera who arrived from the Philippines, that life in the country was impossible. Tavera told Rizal of his prediction that a big revolution in the Philippines would occur within ten years unless the condition would change.
15 May 1889
He sent the manuscript of his Article "por telepono" to publication in pamhlet form.
His article "Los Viajes" signed Laong Laan was published in the La Solidaridad.
20 May 1889
He requested ferdinand Blumentritt to write the prologue to the Morga which he was preparing for printing. Morever, he urged the Austrian Professor to come to Paris for vacation and conference, placing at the latter’s disposal 200 marks for transportation expenses.
He sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar a manuscript of an article, an answer to the "La Voz de Manila." He informed Del Pilar that he had Broken relation with Regidor due to the noncompliance of the latter of publishing his (Rizal’s) manuscript as per agreement.
23 May 1889
Rizal’s brother-in-law, Mariano Herbosa, died of cholera, together with Isidoro Alcala, both from Calamba. Herbosa was not buried in the holy ground but on the hill (Lecheria) outside Calamba, causing Rizal to publish in the La Solidaridad the biting article entitled "Una Profanacion" on July 31, 1889.
26 May 1889
He sent Mariano Ponce his answer to Barranter’ criticism. He instructed ponce to publish it with his (Rizal’s) name or that of Laong Laan.
31 May 1889
Rizal published his "La Verdad para Todos" in the La Solidaridad.
4 June 1889
He translated more than 30 pages of Blumentritt’s Memorias on the tribes of Mindanao. He expressed the illusion than when liberty brightens in the Philippines, he and Blumentritt would come and live together.
Dr. A. B. Meyer visited him in Paris.
6 June 1889
He conducted Julio Llorente, his childhood friend, around Paris the whole day. Rizal had to accompany Llorente always because the latter did not know French.
15 June 1889
Rizal’s letter "Al Sr. D. Vicente Barrantes" was published in the La Solidaridad (first installment).
18 June 1889
He sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar the manuscripts of the "Defensa del Noli" of Dr. Blumentritt. He wanted it to be published in the La Solidaridad by the end of the month.
19 June 1889
Rizal planned to leave Paris. He was annoyed by the exorbitant increase of room rentals. The landladies of Paris became opportunist of the presence of the Exposition.
23 June 1889
He continued with enthusiasm the translation of Blumentritt’s Memorias on the tribes of Mindanao. He was already on page 36.
Two copies of his picture (age 28) were sent to Blumentritt and Dr. Czepelack.
30 June 1889
Rizal’s letter he informed Mariano Ponce that he was going to wander for few days in other countries. He requested Ponce to inform the others on Barcelona about his plan.
4 July 1889
at 8:55 in the evening, Rizal Left Paris for Dieppe. He arrived at Vernon at 10:15 and at Rouen at 11:30 in the same evening. In his travel he was very much disturbed by a loquacious American who was always boasting of things American.
12 July 1889
Rizal arrived at Paris from London where he spent a few days confronting the proofs of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas with the original book found in the British Museum. He resided now at 45 Rue de Manbenge and attended to the finishing touches of his annotations.
23 July 1889
He sent to the printing press his annotations to Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas and requested Prof. Blumentritt in a letter to keep secret the publication of the book because with it he wanted to surprise his compatriots.
30 July 1889
He was very busy the past days and on this day he was going to the printing press Garnier Hermanos, reading and correcting the proofs and adding new annotations to the work.
His "Two Eastern Fables," a comparative study of the Japanese and Philippine folklore, appeared in Trubner’s Record (London).
31 July 1889
his article "Verdades Neuvas" was published in the La Solidaridad.
13 August 1889
he was admitted to make studies in the "Bibliotheque Nationale" of Paris. His Admission ended on December 31, 1889.
Rizal was very much occupied. He had much work to do and he felt blank.
14 August 1889
he received a telegram from Hongkong with the information that Paciano Mercado, Silvestre Ubaldo, Antonio and leandro Lopez, Mateo Elejorder and others were accused and threatened of deportation.
9 September 1889
Rizal was very busy in Paris putting the Morga in the final form.
-With five or six young men from lipa, who were in Paris and who were willing to go with him, he planned to visit Prof. Blumentritt in Leitmeritz the following year. Rizal wanted to show to Blumentritt that he (Blumentritt) was not depending in vain the Filipino people.
He attended the baptismal party of the child of Juan Luna.
10 September 1889
In Paris he met Sr. Moret, the ex-minister of the Spanish government. The ex-minister purposely went to Paris to meet and talk with the author of the Noli Me Tangere which he liked very much,
15 September 1889
His article "Differencias" was Published in the La Solidaridad.
21 September 1889
Rizal instructed Jose Ma. Basa to do away with pseudonyms in the articles he (Basa) was publishing in the newspapers in Hongkong. He requested Basa to pay especial attention to the packages or letters with the initials Rd. L. M. written on the envelope.
22 September 1889
In a package, he sent to Blumentritt two statues: a beggar with a hat and a maid with bilao on her hands. He sent, too, a wallet made of nito vines. All these things came from one of Blumentritt’s admirers in the Philippines.
30 September 1889
his essay "Filipinas Dentro de Cien Años" was published in the La Solidaridad (first installment).
10 October 1889
Rizal was believed to have written in Paris a proclama-tion carrying this date, in which a bloody revolution was being announced. Part of it follows: "cuando se le arranca del corazon hasta la ultima esperanza… entonces… entonces… entonces… no le queda otro remedio sino sangriento y suicida de la revolucion!!!"
20 October 1889
He insistently requested Prof. Blumentritt to write the prologue to his annotations to Morga’s Sucesos de las Filipinas, giving him the freedom of criticizing or eulogizing the work. Rizal said: "I want to give my countrymen an example that I do not write for myself nor for my glory, but for my country and that’s why I prefer the truth than my face. God grant that my countrymen also sacrifice their passions for the welfare of the country."
22 October 1889
He attended the nuptial ceremony of Felix Pardo de Tavera. Because of this event, he postponed his plan of going to London for the confrontation of the proofs with the original Morga in the British Museum.
31 October 1889
His essay "Filipinas Dentro de Cien Años" was published in the La Solidaridad (second installment).
4 November 1889
A secret member of the R.L.M. with the no. 2 grade was introduced to Marcelo H. del Pilar in a letter by Rizal. This secret member went to Madrid with the object of securing a high position in the Cathedral and avenging injustices of which he was a victim in the Philippines.
11 November 1889
He erased the name of Quioquiap from the prolongue written by Blumentritt for the Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas which was being printed with the Rizal annotation.
15 November 1889
His article "a La Patria" was published in the La Solidaridad.
22 November 1889
Rizal sent back to Blumentritt the original of the Prologue and the proofs with his corrections. He expressed his sentiments to Blumentritt that he did not like the Filipinos to be imploring and asking the confraternity of the Spaniards.
From Paris Rizal sent to Marcelo H. del Pilar in Madrid the Article about Blumentritt to be published in the La Solidaridad.
30 November 1889
His article "Inconsecuencias" was published in the La Solidaridad.
1 December 1889
He finished with the proofreading of the galley proofs of the Morga. He wrote to Dr. Meyer that as soon as the printing of the books is finished, one copy would be sent to him. Likewise, he explained to the latter the meaning of the word UPOS found in the book of Morga.
From Paris Rizal sent to M.H. del Pilar the continuation of the "Filipinas dentro de cien años," some poems and letters of Bluementritt, all to be published at the disposal of the director of the La Solidaridad.
15 December 1889
His essay "Filipinas Dentro de Cien Años" was published in the La Solidaridad (third installment).
His poem the "Las Flores de Heidelberg" signed Laong Laan was published in the La Solidaridad.
23 December 1889
Copies of the Morga started coming out from the printing press. He sent one copy to Mariano Ponce in Barcelona. In a letter, Ponce told Rizal that the book would rectify the wrong notion, which the enemies had against the Philippines. A big blow against the enemies, he said further.
His admission permit to the Bibliotheque Nationale expired on this day.
3 January 1890
Rizal who was still in Paris announced to Ponce his return to London.
Rizal Back in London:
6 January 1890
Rizal arrived at London from Paris. He went on searching for the paper and book, which Dr. Meyer requested him to buy in London.
15 January 1890
His article "Ingratitudes" was published in the La Solidaridad.
Rizal Back in Paris:
8 January 1890
Rizal arrived at Paris from London and planned to go Holland to look for books in the libraries their written during the 7th century about the Philippines.
8 January 1890
Rizal and Albert left Paris for Brussels.
1 February 1890
His essay "Filipinas dentro de cien años was published in the La Solidaridad (fourth installment).
Rizal in Brussels, Belgium:
2 February 1890
Rizal arrived Brussels from Paris.
12 February 1890
In a letter advised Mariano Ponce Barcelona to collect the article he (Ponce) was publishing because they would be useful later, publishing them in book form.
15 February 1890
His letter "Excelmo., Señor Don Vicen Barrantes" was published in the La Solidaridad.
5 March 1890
In a letter he told Dr. A.B. Meyer that the Filipinos before the coming of the Spaniards used to drink "arak" or wine of nipa or coconut tree, and were chewing buyo. The opium, according to him, was introduced after the arrival of the Spaniards.
31 March 1890
His editorial article "Filipinas en el congreso" was published in the La Solidaridad.
He planned of establishing on top of a hill in Calamba a school which would be directed by him. He hoped the Filipino youth would study in this school.
15 April 1890
Rizal’s letter to his countrymen, "Sobre la nueva ortografia de la lengua tagala," was published in the La Solidaridad.
His article "Seamos justos" was published in the La Solidaridad.
17 April 1890
Rizal didn’t believe that the Filipinos came from Sumatra. After reading the book of Marsden, Sumatra, he found many similarities about the two people especially in costumes; but he didn’t draw the conclusion that Filipinos came from Sumatra. He said that from two similar poeple no conclusion could be drawn that one came from the other. The two might be the sons of a dead father.
30 April 1890
His editorial article "Cosas de Filipinas" was published in the La Solidaridad.
26 May 1890
His article "Mas sobre el asunto de Negros" was published in the La Solidaridad.
26 May 1890
He came to know that his annotations of Morga’s work was very much searched and read in the Philippines. A copy reached twice the original price of 12.50 francs.
28 May 1890
In a letter, he complained to M.H. del Pilar about the Filipinos indulging in gambling in Madrid. He said that Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura in Paris were complaining about it, as it became known already in the Philippines.
6 June 1890
In a letter Rizal wanted his sister Soledad to be virtuous and possessed of good qualities in order to serve as a model among her pupils.
11 June 1890
He informed M.H. del Pilar that he was not separating from the La Solidaridad but was only resting and giving others the opportunity to use their pen. Rizal was going to continue the second part of the Noli.
28 June 1890
Persecutions against Rizal’s family in Calamba were intensified. These were communicated to him in Brussels by his brother. People were driven from Calamba by the friars aided by the civil guards.
3 July 1890
In order that Antonio Luna would know about his activities in Brussels, Rizal informed the former that he was working and studying, going to the clinic, reading and writing, and going to the gymnasium and the "Sala de Armas" for practice.
5 July 1890
In a letter Rizal reminded Dr. Blumentritt if he had received already the two sculptural works which were sent on Sept.22, 1899.
9 July 1890
In a letter to M. Ponce, he opposed Graciano Lopez Jaena’s going to Cuba. He said it is useless: "If one has to die let him die at lest in his own country, for the cause of his country and for the welfare of his people." He informed Mariano Ponce about this.
15 July 1890
His essay "Sobre la indolencia in the La Solidaridad (first installment).
Also his editorial article "Una Esperanza" was published in the La Solidaridad.
18 July 1890
Rizal received from Mariano Ponce, who was in Barcelona, 125 francs. The money arrived at a time when Rizal had just one franc left in his pocket for his existence in Brussels. He planned to go to Madrid.
In a letter he promised to Marcelo H. del Pilar that the was leaving Brussels before the end of the month. He wanted to present before the Supreme Court in Madrid the lawsuit against the friars of Calamba.
20 July 1890
He sent to Madrid the continuation of the "Sobre la indolencia de los Filipinos." He also sent the authority for the presentation of the case before the Supreme Court. He planned of leaving Brussels at the end of the month. His family lost the cases in Calamba against the friars and Paciano elevated the case to the Supreme Court in Madrid.
29 July 1890
Rizal informed Mariano Ponce of his departure for Madrid on the 1st of August and his arrival there on the 3rd or the 4th day of the same month.
31 July 1890
His essay "Sobre la indolencia de los Filipinos" was published in the La Solidaridad (second installment).
Rizal Back in Madrid:
15 August 1890
His essay "Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos was published in the Solidaridad (third installment).
20 August 1890
He wrote to his brother and sisters advised about the persecution of the noble persons of Calamba, but to have patience since he was going to consult the Minister of Pardon and Justice of the Spanish government in Madrid.
23 August 1890
He reported to Juan Luna what transpired between him and Antonio Luna. They had a quarrel and they also had a duel.
31 August 1890
His essay "Sobre la Indolencia de los Filipinos" was published in the Solidaridad (fourth installment).
15 September 1890
His essay "Sobre la indolencia de los Filipinos" was published in La Solidaridad (fourth installment).
31 October 1890
His article "I contestacion a Don Isabel delos Reyes" was published in La Solidaridad.
His article "El amor patria with his pen name Laong Laan was published in the Solidaridad.
5 November 1890
His comments on D.F. Pi y Margallall’s article "Las luchas de nuestros dias" was published in the La Solidaridad (first installment).
15 November 1890
He was issued the diploma of Mason-tea of the Lodge "Solidaridad the Grand Oriente Español."
23 November 1890
He wrote legend of "Mariang Makiling," which was published in the La Solidaridad on December 1890.
30 November 1890
Jose Rizal comment on D.F. Pi y Margall's article "Las Luchas de Nuestros Dias" was published in the Solidaridad (second installment).
15 December 1890
His article "Como Se Gobierno las Filipinas" was published in the La Solidaridad
His poem "A mi…", -signed Laong Laan, was published in the La Solidaridad.
31 December 1890
His article "Mariang Makiling," signed Laong Laan, was published in the La Solidaridad.
7 January 1891
Rizal wrote a very inspiring and interesting letter to P. Vicente Garcia, seeking from the latter a light with which to prepare himself (Rizal) to trend the path of the future. He said that the experience of old who has seen much of the world and studied more can supplement the youth’s few years and little knowledge.
21 January 1891
In a letter, he broached to Jose Ma. Basa his idea of founding a college in Hong Kong where they would teach languages, sciences, and arts, patterned after the Jesuits Colleges.
27 January 1891
Rizal left Madrid for Paris via Biarritz, after encountering all failures and difficulties in Madrid.
Rizal Biarritz, France:
11 February 1891
From Biarritz, Rizal wrote Mariano Ponce in Madrid that he was too occupied and could not send articles for the La Solidaridad. He offered his services of answering the attacks hurled against them in case Marcelo H. del Pilar and Antonio Luna could not answer.
29 March 1891
He finished writing his book El Filibusterismo. He planned, however, of revising some chapters.
Rizal Back in Paris, France 4 April 1891
Rizal sent a letter to Jose Maria Basa asking the latter if he (Rizal) could borrow money to defray his fare for Hong Kong from Paris.
Rizal in Brussels, Belgium:
8 April 1891
Rizal arrived at Brussels, from Paris. He immediately wrote a letter of congratulation to Antonio Luna in Madrid.
19 April 1891
In a letter, he reiterated to Jose Ma. Basa his intention of borrowing some amount so that he could leave immediately for Hong Kong. He sent two letters to the Philippines through Jose Ma. Basa: one for his family in Calamba.
23 April 1891
He was revising some chapters of the Fili. He thought of sending it soon to the printing press.
1 May 1891
In a letter sent to Basa, Rizal reiterated [again] his desire to be in Hong Kong, reminding the former of the amount he was borrowing for his fare.
He also informed Deodato Arellano of his plan to move from Europe to either Hongkong, Philippines or Japan, and to renounce the receiving of pension from the Propaganda."
30 May 1891
Rizal set ready for printing 20 chapters of the manuscript of the El Filibusterismo. He was waiting for an amount to defray the publication expense.
13 June 1891
Rizal finished reviewing and correcting the manuscript of the Fili, except for the last three chapters.
21 June 1891
He left Brussels for Ghent.
Rizal in Ghent, Belgium:
3 July 1891
Rizal received from Jose Ma. Basa the amount he was borrowing for his trip to Hong Kong from Marseilles, as well as the letter for the Director of the Messageries Maritimes. He was boarding at 9 Rue de Hinaut.
9 July 1891
He was financially hard up. He did not receive for three months up to this date any pension from home. He was living in the most difficult situation, renting a small room and eating the modest food in order to economize and able to publish the Fili. He had already pawned all his jewels.
29 July 1891
Rizal informed Eduardo Lete about the details of the two agricultural colonies in Belgium, telling the latter that the Hoogstragen colony is for men and that of Brujas, for women. To know the details about this request of Lete, Rizal personally went to Brussels.
4 August 1891
In a letter, he thanked Prof. Blumemtritt for the two books: the first volume of I El Sacerdocio and the beautiful treaties of Mal Epos. He planned to write articles about these but the El Filibusterismo consumed his time.
6 August 1891
He told Juan Zulueta that it was never his habit to provoke conflicts; that the idea which precipitated the conflict among the members of the Colony in Madrid did not come from him but from other persons, and that he never had the desire under his leadership to subordinate neither the La Solidaridad nor its director.
23 August 1891
In a letter, Rizal informed Blumentritt that Padre Leoncio Lopez, the old parish priest of Calamba who wanted to see and shake hands with him again in Calamba before eternally leaving the valley of tears, but who died before the publication of the Noli, is described in the Fili as Padre Florentino.
24 August 1891
Rizal wrote a letter to Mariano Ponce in Madrid informing the latter that he was deeply hurt by the false accusations coming from Manila. However, he reiterated his adherence to the cause of the movement.
26 August 1891
In a letter, he informed Basa in Hong Kong that the Fili was coming out in September.
16 September 1891
The El Filibusterismo was about to come off the press of F. Meyer, Van Loo at No. 66 Vlanderestraat. He was elated, together with Jose Alejandro who was staying with him at No. 32 Vlanderestraat, near the printing press.
18 September 1891
The Fili came off the press and Rizal sent to Hong Kong two copies: one for Jose Ma. Basa and the other for Sixto Lopez.
22 September 1891
He sent one copy of his El Filibusterismo to Marcelo H. del Pilar. He informed the latter at the same time that he was completely retiring from politics since he said he was going home. Likewise, he sent a copy to Antonio M. Regidor, one of his countrymen living in London.
He planned of writing the third novel during his travel back home. He wanted to write about the customs and usages of the Filipinos in a humorous and satirical style.
25 September 1891
Valentin Ventura sent to Rizal in Ghent 200 francs for the publication expenses of the Fili.
Rizal Bound for Hong Kong:
18 October 1891
Rizal left Marseilles for Hong Kong aboard the Melbourne. On board, the beauty of Mme. De Block amused him
19 October 1891
He woke up near Corcega. The day was beautiful, fresh and carried mild breeze.
He was surprised to hear Bishop Volenteri talked much about the Philippines. The Bishop had stayed in the Philippines for 23 years.
23 October 1891
He arrived at Alejandria where the boat was invaded by the vendors offering the passengers their services. He was irked by the natives’ behaviors.
24 October 1891
At six o’clock in the morning, he left Port Said to start his trip along the Suez Canal.
25 October 1891
In the evening, while traveling in the Red Sea, Rizal had a long discussion about religion with Bishop Volenteri. The Bishop was so intolerant.
29 October 1891
He visited Aden and found the place more beautiful now than before. Here he saw slave cargoes.
31 October 1891
He passed the point of Guardafui. This was his 14th day on the sea on board the S.S. Melbourne since he departed from Marseilles.
1 November 1891
He had a conversation with a Russian naturalist, who asked him whether he was a patriot, whether his country was unfortunate. In return, Rizal asked the Russian what consists the misfortune of a nation.
2 November 1891
It was on this day that, on board the Melbourne, he made mention of Mr. W. B. Prayer who later became Rizal’s correspondent regarding the North Borneo settlement project.
3 November 1891
The sky was cloudy when Rizal woke up. Many passengers became sick on board. His clothes became wet. In the evening, he heard an Englishman sang ballads, among them the "Diver" and the " I am Khulen Keller."
4 November 1891
The day continued to be cloudy. Rizal was surprised how fast the oxidation took place among the iron bars. The fiesta prepared on board was suspended because of the bad weather. After hearing the discussion about "will "and "hope", he told his listeners that without hope there is no will.
5 November 1891
He had a long conversation about things related to Medicine, towns, girls, writers, artists, feeling and literature with Mme. De Block.
In the afternoon, he played chess with the best players. He won. At 8:30 in the evening, he arrived at Colombo.
6 November 1891
He took a walk around the town of Colombo. He went to see the Museum, the hospital, the Temple of Buddha, and other places of interest. Here he made a detailed observation of the different Buddha peoples he met on the street.
8 November 1891
On board, Rizal met some Franciscans whom he informed about the Franciscans in the Philippines. They told him that if the Franciscans of the Philippines are rich, then they are no longer Franciscans.
10 November 1891
Rizal had a talk with Mr. W. B. Prayer about the colonization of North Borneo. At four o’clock in the afternoon, he arrived at Singapore where he came to know about the departure of General Despujol for the Philippines.
14 November 1891
He arrived at Saigon. He went ashore to visit the town. He saw the Museum and the Zoological Garden.
15 November 1891
He was still in Saigon on this day. He made so many visits around the town with his co-passengers. He went to Chelong, a city hall an hour travel from Saigon, for observation.
16 to 19 November 1891
Rizal was again on board the S. S. Melbourne traveling from Saigon to Hong Kong.
Rizal in Hong Kong:
19 November 1891
In the evening Rizal arrived at Hong Kong.
26 November 1891
From Hong Kong Rizal sent to Manuel Camus in Singapore 20 copies of the Fili, 6 of the Morga and 4 of the Noli. He gave Camus 25 percent commission for the books sold.
1 December 1891
He asked permission from his parents to join them in Manila in their sacrifices and at the same time, encouraged them to have a little endurance. He said: " I have learned of the exile of four townmates to Jolo and of the return of my brother to Manila. I have also learned that mother, Pangoy and Trining, have been summoned again by the civil government. I am burning with desire to embrace you. Patience, a little patience! Courage!"
6 December 1891
Francisco Mercado, Paciano and his brother-in-law, Silvestre Ubaldo, escaped from the Philippines to avoid persecution, and arrived at Hong Kong to join him.
12 December 1891
In a letter sent to Maria, one of his sisters in the Philippines, Rizal broached his plan of establishing a Filipino colony in North British Borneo.
17 December 1891
On this day Governor General Despujol, offering his services and cooperation for the common good. He wanted to point to the latter the ills of country in order to help cure the wounds of mal-administration.
27 December 1891
An article was published in the La Epoca carrying false news about Rizal’s stay in the Philippines and his influence among the natives. This article carries no author’s name and was believed to have been inspired by a Dominican friar.
Rizal was visited by an Augustinian friar in his house. The friar pulled his ears and wanted to attack him. But Rizal stopped the intruder by twisting the latter’s hand.
25 January 1892
The duplicate of his diploma in Licentiate in Medicine and Surgery was issued by the Ministry of Development in Madrid.
30 January 1892
In a letter, Juan Luna favorably endorsed Rizal’s plan of establishing a Filipino colony in North Borneo. He wished Rizal luck and success in this project.
Everyday, after his medical practices in his clinic, he continued writing his third novel. It treated exclusively about the Tagalog customs, usages, virtues and defects. Meanwhile, his brother Paciano translated the Noli into Tagalog.
1 February 1892
Rizal paid thirty-five pesos (P35.00) to D. Mallunko for the rent on the premises of A-2 Rednaxela from January 1st to 31st.
6 February 1892
Rizal wrote a letter addressed to "My beloved friend" and signed it with the name Cabisa.
15 February 1892
The Hong Kong Telegraph published the letter of Rizal signed Philippines in which he denounced the vandalistic actions of the friar manager of the Dominicans in destroying the houses of those who refused to pay the exorbitant rentals demanded of them in Calamba.
23 February 1892
Rizal wrote a letter to Blumentritt in which he informed the latter of his plan of emigrating to Borneo where he could establish another Calamba free from the abuses of the friars and the civil guards.
2 March 1892
He visited Victoria Gaol in Hong Kong. Dr. Lorenzo Pereira Marquez who was the physician of the state prison accompanied him.
Rizal on the Way to Hong Kong from Borneo 7 March 1892
Rizal left North Borneo on Board the boat Memon for Hong Kong. In the morning, he was traveling on the Philippine waters near Cagayan de Oro.
8 March 1892
He was traveling along Mindoro Strait on his way back to Hong Kong from North Borneo. Mindoro, according to him was mountainous on the southeastern part, with few trees and uninhabited.
Rizal Back in Hong Kong:
11 March 1892
Rizal received the duplicate copy of his Licentiate in Medicine, which allowed him to practice his medical profession in the Crown Colony.
Governor-General Despujol issued a decree of pardon for some of Rizal’s followers and friends who were deported to far places.
11 March 1892
He thanked the staff members of the La Solidaridad for the campaign undertaken for the Calamba case. The La Solidaridad carried articles about the troubles in Calamba whose people were stripped off of the land they were cultivating by the friars.
21 March 1892
In a letter, he asked permission from the Governor-General to change his nationality and to gather the few properties of his family left in Calamba. He informed the latter of his plan of establishing a Filipino Colony in Borneo.
22 March 1892
Rizal received a receipt for $88.28 from Wenyon and Robinson of Hongkong in payment for the account of Sixto Lopez which was paid by him.
23 March 1892
The Rector of the Universidad Central de Madrid wrote to the Minister of State, requesting that a representative of the Spanish government in Hongkong deliver personally the diploma of Rizal at the instance of Baldomero Roxas y Luz.
20 April 1892
He abandoned the idea of continuing to write in Tagalog the third part of his third novel.
23 May 1892
He sent a letter of protest to Mariano Ponce against the article of Eduardo Lete published in the La Solidaridad. He wondered why Marcelo H. del Pilar permitted the publication of such article. He feared that it would lead the Filipinos to believe the existence of schism among them. He was angry and furious at the attack of Lete.
24 May 1892
In Hongkong, Rizal wrote a letter to Juan Zulueta complaining of the article of Lete published in the La Solidaridad. He said that the article of Lete is highly impolite and prejudicial to the Philippines.
15 June 1892
He urged Mariano Ponce to establish a portable Tagalog printing press in Manila to handle the publication of news and article whenever necessary.
20 June 1892
He wrote two letters which he left sealed in the custody of Dr. Lorenzo P. Marquez, with instructions that these letters "be made public after my death". One of these was addressed to his parents, brothers, sisters and friends; and other, to his countrymen.
21 June 1892
He wrote to Governor-General Despujol advising the latter of his arrival to the Philippines to take the few things of the family. Rizal was in Hongkong at this time, about to depart for the Philippines. He informed the Governor-General of his arrival in the Philippines ready to face whatever charges presented against him.
Rizal in the Philippines:
26 June 1892
Rizal arrived in the Philippines from Hongkong on board the boat Don Juan. After having been inspected by the custom men, he boarded in the Oriente Hotel where he occupied room No. 22, facing the Binondo church. His sister, Lucia, accompanied him in his return to the Philippines. In the evening, he attended the reunion held in the house of Don Ong-junco, a Chinese mestizo, who was living in the district of Tondo. Here he met many Filipinos who were later arrested and executed as a consequence of the discovery of the Katipunan.
27 June 1892
He took a train for his pleasure trip to Bulacan and Pampanga. He visited Malolos, San Fernando and Tarlac and his return, Bacolor.
28 June 1892
At 5:00 p.m. he arrived at Manila from his trip to Central Luzon.
29 June 1892
At 7:30 in the morning, he went to see Governor-General Eulogio Despujol. They talked about the Borneo plan. The Governor-General was very much opposed to it. Rizal was told to return the following Sunday.
Rizal used to see Maximo Viola in the Oriental Hotel prior to his (Rizal’s) deportation to Dapitan. Here Rizal confided to Viola the results of his interview with the Governor-General, which he termed sometimes pessimistic, sometimes optimistic.
3 July 1892
Rizal had again an interview with Governor-General Despujol. He thanked Governor-General Despujol for lifting the order of exile for his sisters. The Governor told him to come back the following Wednesday.
In the evening, he attended a meeting at a house on Calle Ylaya to discuss the proposed Liga Filipina.
6 July 1892
Rizal held the last interview with the Governor-General. The governor-general confronted him for anti-friar bills supposedly found in the baggages of his sister Lucia. He was ordered imprisoned in Fort Santiago.
7 July 1892
Governor-General Eulogio Despujol issued a decree deporting Rizal to Dapitan. All the newspapers of the city published the decree on that day.
14 July 1892
In his prison cell, he was informed by D. Ramon Despujol , aide and the nephew of the Governor- General, that at 10:00 in the evening they would leave for Dapitan.
15 July 1892
At 1:00 on the morning, Rizal was shipped on board the boat S. S. Cebu to Dapitan. He was given good cabin, but well guarded.